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Your booking is not obligatory, you will receive a phone. Plumbing Tree - A set of drain waste, vent, and supply lines that have been pre-fabricated. Services Overview. a shower enclosure with minimal bottom track and opening to ease wheelchair access, Base – a substance that releases hydroxyl ion when dissolved in water, Basin wrench – a wrench with a long handle and jaws mounted on a swivel to reach nuts to fasten faucets on a previously installed tank, Batch feed – type of garbage disposer in which waste is fed into unit one load at a time, then activated by placing a stopper into the drain opening, Bernoulli’s law – the principle that a stream of liquid or gas exerts less sideways pressure while in motion than at rest, BHP – brake horse power – the amount of horsepower being consumed by a pump as measured on a dynamometer, Blowbag – a drain-cleaning device consisting of a rubber bladder with a hose fitting on one end and a nozzle on the other – the device attaches to a water hose and is inserted into a clogged drainpipe – as the water is introduced, it expands to grip the pipe and releases pulsating bursts of water through the nozzle, forcing water through the pip to clear an obstruction, Blowdown – partial venting or draining, under pressure of the water side of a boiler to reduce or remove unwanted contaminants, Brackish water – water containing bacteria between 1, 000 and 15, 000 ppm of dissolved solids, Butterfly valve – a serviceable valve that allows water to flow through it when open and stops the flow when closed, BX cable – metallic sheathed cable containing A/C electrical wiring – typically used when wiring would otherwise be exposed, Carbonising – in a pump, where a reduction of hydrocarbons results in the formation of carbon residue that will interfere with the movement of a mechanical seal – often called coking, Cartridge – typically refers to a valve cartridge – it is a single-piece unit that replaces the use of separate seats, stems and seals for water flow, Casing – a tubular structure intended to be watertight – it is installed in the drilled hole to maintain the well opening and prevent ground water from entering, Catch basin – large underground container with a grate on top for collection of storm water – it catches debris and prevent steams and lakes being contaminated, Cation – a positively charged ion in an electrolyte solution, which is attracted to the cathode by a difference in electrical potential, Cavitation – the vacuum created when the discharge of the pump exceeds the replacement in the suction line, Chain wrench – an adjustable wrench, in which a chain is used for gripping, Check stop – shut-off valve used with tub/shower faucet that is activated by turning a slotted stem with a screwdriver – also known as a screwdriver stop or a service stop, Check valve – a type of back flow preventer installed in a pipe that allows water to flow in one direction, Circuit vent – plumbing drainage system vertical vent, which is run from the last two traps on a horizontal drain line to the main vent stack of a building drainage system, Cistern – rainwater storage tank, often underground, Clevis – a U-shaped piece of metal with holes in the ends, through which a pin is run to attached to pipes, Closed system – a system where the incoming cold water supply has a device that will not allow water to expand when heated, Conduit – tube that houses electrical wiring, Cowl – a short fitting used to join two pieces of pipe, Crocus cloth – finer than sandpaper grit on a cloth backing, Cross-connection – any connection that may allow wastewater to enter the supply system, Crown-vented trap – an air admittance valve attached to a drainpipe, protected by a valve, designed to equalise pressure in the drain line and to protect the trap seal, Crows foot – a PVC tee with twin outlets at right angles off the main, Dam – the barrier built into a trapway of a toilet that controls the water level in the bowl, DC – Direct Current – electrical supply in which the polarity of the two wires does not change, Deionisation – process of reducing water to a non-mineral state by passing it over a bed of resins, Diaphragm – flexible membrane in a valve that deflects down onto a rigid area of the valve body to regulate water flow from the supply lines to eliminate accumulation of debris inside, Dip tube – tube inside water heater that sends cold water to the bottom of the tank, Direct vent – a system that pulls outside air for combustion and vents combustion gases directly outside without a chimney, Directional jet – whirlpool air discharge unit with pivot allowing discharge path to be adjusted by user, Directional tee – tee fitting that allows direct flow in one direction by use of an internal baffle, Dishwasher tailpiece – a flanged adaptor connecting a basket strainer to the drainpipe with a dishwasher inlet, Dope – pasty lubricant used on a seal pipe thread prior to making a threaded pipe connection, Double extra strong – standard pipe weight designation, sometimes call XXH, Down head boring gimlet – a flexible cutting tip for an auger cable, Drain valve – device that allows drainage of stored contents from a water heater, Drainage tile – historically, pipe shaped clay tiles installed in below-grade trenches for gravity-rated drainage but now PVC pipes are more commonly used, Drawdown – the distance the water level drops below standing water level while pump is operating, Drip leg – a stub end pipe placed at a low point in the gas piping to collect condensate and permit its removal, Duovalve – a twin valve (hot and cold) with a single on/off lever used for washing machines, Duplex basin – an ejector pump container, large enough for two pumps, used in multi-family buildings, DWV – Drainage, Waste and Vent systems, which remove wastewater, Dynamic pressure – the pressure when the water is flowing, E Coli – the common abbreviation of Escherichia Coli, which is one of the members of the Coliform groups of bacteria, Eccentric shank – a fitting with a shank, in which the centreline is offset to allow minor compensation for supply lines that would be difficult to precisely position, ECO – Energy Cut Off – a safety device designed to shut power off to the water heater and prevent high temperature, Eductor – a device utilising a nozzle and throat that is installed in a stream of water to create a partial vacuum to draw air or liquid into the stream – it’s commonly used to draw regeneration chemicals into an ion exchange water treatment system, such as a softener, EF – Energy Factor – a measure of the overall efficiency rating of the water heater based on the model’s recovery, efficiency, stand-by loss and energy input, Elbow – sometimes called an ell – a fitting used to change the direction of rigid pipe or tubing, Elevation – the vertical distance between the level where fluid enters a pipe and the level where it leaves, which must be added to the total discharge head if the inlet is lower than the outlet and subtracted if the inlet is higher, EMT – Electrical Metal Tubing – a galvanised steel pipe used to carry electrical or other types of conductors, Expansion tank – a tank designed to absorb excess pressure due to thermal expansion, Expansion valve – thermostatically controlled valve that controls liquid refrigerant, Extinction pop – a flashback occurring when a burner is turned off, Extra strong – sometimes called extra heavy – a standard pipe weight designation, Face plate – trim piece found behind a single-control wall-mount faucet handle – also known as a dial plate, Facultative bacteria – bacteria that can live under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, Fall/flow – the proper slope or pitch of a pipe for adequate drainage, Faucet – an exposed plumbing fitting used to control the flow of water to a basin, Feed pump – a pump that supplies water to a boiler, Ferrous – material containing or derived from iron, First draw – water that has been sitting in pipes or plumbing fixtures overnight and is first drawn when taps are opened in the morning, Fixed cone valve – a cylinder gate mounted with the axis horizontal – also known as a Howell Bunger valve, Flange – a rib or rim for strength, which is present for guiding or for attachment to another object, Flapper – disc-like rubber composite that retains water in the tank, and upon flushing, cycle lifts to release water of the tank to the bowl for a complete flushing cycle, Floating flames – an undesirable burning operating condition, usually indicating incomplete combustion in which flames leave the burner port to reach for combustion air, Flocculant – a chemical substance that promotes the aggregation of coagulation of suspended particles in the water, Flux – paste applied to copper pipes and fittings before soldering to help the fusion process and prevent oxidation, Footprint – the area of floor space taken up by a water heater or other appliance, Freshwater – water that contains less than 1,000 milligrams per litre of dissolved solids – generally, more than 500mg/l of dissolved solids is undesirable for drinking and many industrial uses, Galvanise – the process of applying a coating of zinc to the finished product to provide corrosion protection – the coating can be applied by hot dipping or electrolytic deposition, Galvanometer – Laboratory instrument that detects and measures small electrical currents, Gas cock – plug valve installed in the main gas line, Gasket – flat device, usually made of rubber, which is used to provide a watertight seal between metal joints, Gauge – refers to thickness of stainless steel and is commonly used in reference to quality grades on certain types of lavatories and sinks – for instance, 10 and 20-guage stainless steel sinks have gone through a number of polishing operations to establish a pristine finish, Giardiasis – a disease that results from an infection by the parasite Giardia, caused by drinking water that is either not filtered or not chlorinated, Gland – in a pump, the part that holds one half of the mechanical seal and attaches to the stuffing box, GPF – Gallons Per Flush – the rate of water flow by which toilets and flush valves are measured and regulated, Greensand – a natural mineral, primarily composed of complex silicates, which possess ion exchange properties, Greywater – waste water from sinks, showers and bathtubs, but not from toilets, Grip fitting – a compression-type fitting used on PB pipes, Grounding – connects a piece of electrical equipment to a ‘ground wire’, which is connected to the electrical system ground at the circuit breaker box – this helps to ensure the circuit breaker will trip and cut off power in the event of a short circuit or damage to insulation, Guide arm – the valve that controls water flow in to the toilet tank, Hard water – natural water containing impurities in various proportions – traditional hardness is a measure of calcium or dissolved solids in a solution, measured in parts per million, Head – the pressure of water or steam in a closed system – it represents the difference in the gravitational force exerted by a liquid at two different depths, Heat trap – restriction of heat loss through water connections to a tank, Hermetic – completely sealed, especially against the escape or entry of air, Hertz – a measure of frequency wherein one hertz equals one cycle per second, Hold down – a type of pipe anchor consisting of a U-strap bolted at either end on to a horizontal plate, Hollow-jet valve – a valve having a closing member that moves upstream to shut off the flow, Hydraulic pressure – pressure that exists in a system containing non-compressible liquid, Hydrolysis – the reaction of a salt with water to form an acid and a base, Hydrojet – cold inlet tube designed to reduce sediment build-up and increase efficiency in a water heater, Hydroxyl – the chemical group of ion, which is neutral or positively charged, Hygroscopic – attracting or absorbing moisture from the air changed or altered by this absorption, I.D. 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