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Le sal est un des bois de charpente ou de construction les plus utilisés en Inde, avec un grain grossier et une certaine dureté, une couleur claire fonçant lorsqu'elle est exposée. In local languages it is called salwa, sakhu, sakher, shal, kandar and sakwa. This tree is native to the Indian subcontinent, ranging south of the Himalaya, from Myanmar in the east to Nepal, India and Bangladesh. Salvatore Mineo Jr. (January 10, 1939 – February 12, 1976) was an American actor, singer, and director. The refined oil is used as substitute for cocoa butter in chocolate manufacturing. est un grand arbre de la famille des Dipterocarpaceae, originaire de l'Asie du Sud. Shorea robusta or Sal tree is a large, deciduous tree found in India, Myanmar, and Nepal. Cliquez sur une vignette pour l’agrandir. Sal (tree) (Shorea robusta), from the Indian subcontinent; Saharan Air Layer, or SAL; Sterility assurance level, or SAL, in microbiology; Transportation. New leaves are reddish, soon becoming delicate green. Cultivation methods : Sal tree requires well drained, moist and sandy loam soil. Shorea robusta is known as the Sal tree in India. En Inde, sa localisation s'étend de l'est de la Yamuna à l'Assam, au Bengale et au Jharkhand. The de-winged seeds contain a thin, brittle seed pod. Le Tirthankara Mahāvīra, une des figures majeures de cette religion a reçu l'illumination sous un sal. In Nepal, it is found mostly in the Terai region from east to west, especially, in the Sivalik Hills(Ch… It is a medicinal tree, and used in Ayurveda for thousands of years to treat variety of diseases including piles, leucorrhoea, gonorrhea, skin disorders, ulcers, wounds, diarrhea, dysentery, burning sensation, seminal weakness, etc. Sal is a gregarious species and it forms the dominant composition in the forests where it occurs. On le trouve au sud de l'Himalaya, en Birmanie, au Bangladesh, en Inde et au Népal. The bark is dark brown and thick, with longitudinal fissures deep in poles, becoming shallow in mature trees, and provides effective fire protection. Dans ces régions, il constitue l'arbre le plus courant dans les forêts. The oil contains 35-45% stearic acid, an 18-carbon saturated fatty acid, and 40-45% oleic acid, which is a mono unsaturated fatty acid, with 18 carbon atoms. Sal River (India), Goa; Sal River (Russia) Arts and entertainment. Its botanical family is dipterocarpaceae. Soil moisture is essential.[4]. Jujube Tree-- Ziziphus mauritiana-- ... Sal-- Shorea robusta. The tree requires mean annual rainfall between 1,000–3,000 mm (39–118 in) and maximum of 6,600 mm (260 in). Legend has it that a sal will grow for 100 years, fall down, then lay there intact for an additional 100 years. The crown is spreading and spherical. Sal est le nom porté par : le sal, un arbre originaire d'Asie du Sud-Est ; un fleuve de Russie, affluent du Don par la rive gauche ; le Sal, ou rivière du Bono, un cours d'eau du Morbihan ; Sal, une île du Cap-Vert, et la seule municipalit é qui s'y trouve ; Sal signifie également « sel » en portugais et en espagnol ; Sal, un film de James Franco consacré à Sal Mineo. Because of this, it is known as sal fat or sal butter. The mean annual temperature required is between 22–27 °C (72–81 °F) and 34–47 °C (93–117 °F). The seed contains 14-15% fat. It is widely grown in the foothills of the Himalayas. Jeunes feuilles et inflorescence en boutons, Dissémination des graines par rotation du fruit. On utilise ses graines et ses fruits comme source d'huile (pour les lampes) et de graisse végétale. Excess moisture (>6-8%) damages oil quality via Hydrolysis in the seed fat, with resulting high free fatty acid oil output. The plant belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae botanical family. On the Mahābhārat Range, at … Various shorea ointments are available in the market for skin ailments. Sal is indigenous to India and occurs in two main regions separated by the Gangetic Plain, namely the northern and central Indian regions. Sal forest covers about 45% of their forested areas. Flowers are yellowish-white, arranged in large terminal or axillary racemose panicles. Dans le bouddhisme, le Bouddha Shakyamuni méditait dans un bois de sals près de Kusināgar au moment de son parinirvana (sa mort physique)[2], et son corps aurait été recouvert de leurs fleurs. Sal tree possess astringent properties which is an ingredient in herbal ointments for skin problems and ear ailments. Sal, a 2011 movie about Sal Mineo; Laffing Sal, an automated character; Science. The tree develops a long taproot at a young age. Under normal conditions they reach 18–32 m (59–105 ft) with girths of 1.5–2 m (4 ft 11 in–6 ft 7 in). The extracted crude sal oil/fat is greenish-brown and has a characteristic odour. Orissa has the largest sal forest, covering 38,300 km2 (14,800 sq mi) followed by Madhya Pradesh with 27,800 km2 (10,700 sq mi) and Chhattisgarh with 24,245 km2 (9,361 sq mi). Due to the presence of more saturated fatty acids, it is solid at room temperature. The range also extends through the Eastern Ghats and to the eastern Vindhya and Satpura ranges of central India. [1] The plant belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae botanical family. Shorea robusta seed oil is an edible oil extracted from the seeds of Shorea robusta. [2], S. robusta is a deciduous tree that reaches up to 50 m (160 ft), with a trunk circumference up to 5 m (16 ft). Sal oil or butter is used for cooking locally and used for soap up to 30%. Sal tree trunks are long and straight, allowing abundant light to shine through in densely forested areas. Common Fig "अंजीर" in Marathi and Hindi -- Ficus carica. The oil is used as cooking oil after refining. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Rubber Fig or Rubber Plant-- Ficus elastica. The tree grows at 100–1,500 m (330–4,920 ft) altitude. The sal blossoms in spring fill the air with a light, sweet scent. Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Dans le jaïnisme, le culte des arbres est important et très ancien. [5] Fruit content is 66.4% kernel and pod, 33.6% is shell and calyx. The Yakshis or Yakshinis (Sanskrit : याक्षिणि), mythical maiden deities of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain mythology are closely associated with trees, especially the ashoka tree and the sal tree. On le trouve également dans les Ghāts orientaux. Sal (Shorea robusta) is a tall handsome tree providing very good quality timber. It does not tolerate waterlogging. The second, mechanical system is extraction by oil expeller and rotary mills. The Yakshis or Yakshinis (Sanskrit: याक्षिणि), mythical maiden deities of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain mythology are closely associated with trees, especially the ashoka tree and the sal tree.Although these tree deities are usually benevolent, there are also yakshinis with malevolent characteristics in Indian folklore. Fruit at full size is about 1.3–1.5 cm (0.51–0.59 in) long and 1 cm (0.39 in) in diameter; it is surrounded by segments of the calyx enlarged into 5 rather unequal wings about 5–7.5 cm (2.0–3.0 in) long. The third method is via solvent extraction in which the seed is pressed as flakes first in a flaker mill and exposed to solvent extraction.[10]. The kernel has 5 segments covering the embryo. Dans ces régions, il constitue l'arbre le plus courant dans les forêts. Le sal ou sāla (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) En Inde, sa localisation s'étend de l'est de la Yamuna à l'Assam, au Bengale et au Jharkhand. In the Himalayan foothill belt it extends up to Assam valley (including Mefghalaya and Tripura) in the east to foothills of north-west Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Kangra region of Himachala Pradesh. La ramure sert de fourrage et permet de joncher le sol des étables ou des écuries. [9] The proper storage of seeds before processing is crucial. 2 kg (4.4 lb) of seeds give 1 kg (2.2 lb) of kernel. Sal tree also known as Shorea robusta is commonly found in all parts of India and holds a special religious significance. The Gangetic Plain separate the Himalayan foothill from the central Indian belt.[8]. Sal tree grows in North East and Central India up to 1700 meter elevation. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sal_(plante)&oldid=173064440, Taxobox utilisant la classification APG III, Article avec une section vide ou incomplète, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Portail:Religions et croyances/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Lors de sa création, Sybase SQL Server hérite des principes du moteur Ingres développé à l'origine par l'université de Berkeley. Leaves are simple, shiny, about 10–25 cm (3.9–9.8 in) long and broadly oval at the base, with the apex tapering into a long point. Sal (Shorea robusta) tree occurs either gregariously or mixed with other trees in Himalayan foot hills and central India. S. robusta flourishes best in deep, well-drained, moist, slightly acid, sandy to clayey soils. 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